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The Federal Law “Technical Regulation”

One summer day in 2003, the Russian parliament did something extraordinary: it enacted a federal law to end the 80-year-plus practice of practically uncontrolled creation of mandatory technical regulations and standards by industrial ministries and departments.

Pursuant to Federal Law No. 184-F3 “Technical Regulation”, government agencies no longer have the right to establish mandatory technical requirements. Nor can they revise or amend their own earlier regulations. From now on, all technical regulations concerning public safety, health, welfare, and protection of property and the environment must be issued primarily in the form of federal laws. Before a technical regulation becomes law, the draft of the regulation must be published, public comments must be considered, and the draft must be evaluated by an expert commission and discussed by the Russia’s Federation Council.

However, this provision of the law has created a serious problem—a problem of uncertainty as to what happens to hundreds of thousands of technical regulations and standards issued in the past by the Russian government. The law prescribes a transitional period during which new and old technical regulations and standards will coexist.

In the universal opinion of specialists, this law, which the Russians call the “technological constitution”, will remove trade barriers by creating transparency in technical regulation and eliminate the fertile soil for corruption. This will open up the Russian market to imported goods, equipment, and services, and speed up Russia’s integration into the world economy.

More Information:

     Introduction
     Need for Reforms
     Types of Regulations
     Scope of Regulations
     Reform Timeframe
     Mandatory Standards
 
 

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