What Is a Technical Regulation?
A technical regulation is a technical regulatory
document in the form of a federal law, a Russian Federation government
resolution, or an order of the President of the Russian Federation, that
establishes mandatory minimum requirements on targets of technical regulation.
Where necessary, it also establishes the procedures for assessing conformity
with mandatory requirements and requirements on terminology, design,
manufacture, labeling, packaging, transportation, storage, operation, and
disposal of targets of technical regulation.
Targets of technical regulation include manufactured goods, products of
agriculture and the food processing industry, buildings and structures, health
and safety, standardization of measurements, and provision of services.
Types of Technical Regulations
The Federal Law “Technical Regulation” provides for
enactment of general and special technical regulations.
General technical regulations are adopted for
issues universal for many spheres of activity.
Special (industry-specific) technical regulations
apply to specific industries or specific types of products and services, and
are direct regulations.
General and special technical regulations are enacted by
means of federal law. In certain cases, special technical regulations may be
enacted by orders of the President of Russia or the Cabinet.
During the transitional period, the old technical
regulations and standards enacted prior to 2003 will coexist with the new
Objective of Technical Regulations
Russian technical regulations are adopted to protect
public life and health, the property of individuals or business entities, the
property of federal and regional governments, municipal property, to protect
the environment, and to prevent consumer fraud.
Difference Between a Technical Regulation and a Standard
The Federal Law “Technical Regulation” establishes that
technical regulations are mandatory. Even if a product is allowed to be
imported into the Russian Federation, if it does not meet the requirements of
a technical regulation it will not be allowed to be put on the market. By
contrast, conformity with standards is voluntary. Does this mean that it is
not necessary to meet the requirements of technical standards? No. In the
opinion of the bureaucrats at the government inspection agencies, conformity
of a product to technical regulations can only be assessed on the basis of
specific technical requirements on the product and benchmarks, which are
generally contained in the standard for a given product, rather than the